If you are a certificate holder you have further obligations to investigate your own occurrences under CAR 12.55, 12.57 and 12.59. Once your report is made to CAA we can decide if further investigation is required.
The CAA recognises not all companies have trained investigators; however certificate operators must have a senior person responsible for occurrence investigation.
Don’t think that because you are not required to investigate an occurrence that you won’t benefit from some analysis of your own occurrence(s). There is an article written by Vector magazine here with some good advice.
There is some excellent advice in Advisory Circular AC 12-2, Incident Investigation, detailing how to conduct an investigation and how to fill in the forms correctly. You don’t have to use the CA005 form, but it should be used as a template. Feel free to add documents to your report for further explanation or clarity.
Some of the advice the Safety Investigation Unit offers is:
- Try to be objective and constructively critical;
- Remember that the purpose of an investigation is not to apportion blame, but to find out how to avoid the same mistakes in the future;
- Be honest about what went wrong and what went right;
- Remember that it is useful to look at what went right, because it will help you to identify how strong your defences are;
- Spending time thinking and writing down what happened is a useful way to reflect on what happened and helps to analyse your responses, giving you and the organisation an opportunity to reflect; and
- Remember that the investigation is for you, just as much as it is for the CAA.
If you feel you need advice or assistance with your investigation and reporting, the Safety Investigation Unit may be consulted. The Unit members are experienced aviators and engineers and will also call on the collective aviation experience available within CAA.