- Reduce your workload in emergency situations by using all the resources available to you, including ATC. All the people on this aeroplane worked well together – they divided the workload. The PIC flew the aeroplane and concentrated on that, the right-hand seat pilot managed the communications and contributed to the decision-making and the rear seat student pilot secured the cabin and got the lifejackets.
- Declare an emergency, it makes many resources available to you – you can always downgrade it later if needed. It also empowers ATC priorities in regard to managing other traffic.
- Keep flying the plane. The PIC made a conscious decision to fly the aeroplane all the way to the ground, and he verbalised this, increasing his commitment to it and letting the others know his plan.
- Once you have made a sound plan, be sure to review it and evaluate your progress. These pilots knew their plan could change when they succesfully reached the coast, they always had paddocks they could use along the Waimakariri River, and they regularly checked in with each other.
- Plan for the unexpected – what if the engine failure had happened 30 minutes later?
Here are the lessons these two learned from this experience.